This week we are focusing on division. It is important when learning about division to firstly understand what the symbol is actually asking us to do (share between) it is then easier to rephrase a division problem so it clearly tells the child what they need to do 12 shared between 4, for example. We will firstly be achieving this through practical means then moving on to representing this pictorially. Please see my attached video.
Children who require more support and usually are with Mrs Baldock and Mr Sikora for targeted maths, please pay careful attention to the overview as you will be working at a different pace to the rest of the children and focusing on practical maths for longer. If you are unsure if your child is in Oasis Group and your child also seems unsure do message me :)
Before doing anything else, write out an example question for your child and discuss what each part of the question means. What does the operation divide actually want you to do... share between. Label this part of the number sentence. Then move onto the first number. This is the number of objects or items we have to share. Label again. Look at the second number. This number tells us how many groups we must share into. Label again. Now how do we work out the answer. Explain that we can do this by counting one of the groups. To check if our answer is correct we can check all the groups have the same number in them. If they do not then you must redo the question as each group should be equal.
Keep this labelled number sentence somewhere nearby to refer to if your child becomes confused. Now practice with some simple division problems using household items such as pasta, cars, counters. Whatever is to hand.
When your child is confident to share out practically, now look at the power point. Explain that we can represent these numbers using an array, please see my attached video. Work your way through some of the questions on the power point.
Now we are moving onto word problems.
Key to solving these sorts of problems is using a strategy.
1. Read number sentence.
2. circle important info- look for key words such as divide, share etc. to confirm operation.
3. Create the number sentence.
4. Solve number sentence.
Encourage your children to use this strategy rather then leaping to conclusions as its a good habit to foster so in a test situation they are more likely to check for the operation they need to use.
Run through the example slides with your child so that they are confident with tackling the questions. support with reading if necessary. Encourage your child to read any numbers though as we would be unable to do this for them in a SATs situation. If your child is struggling with reading numbers make a mental note of this as it is a definite area for further practice.